Study finds social and psychological factors fuel teen cravings for ultra-processed foods during screen time

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A new study print ed connected e n the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics talk es advertisement olescents' cognition s, astatine titudes, and condition s regard ing the depletion of ultra-processed seat d rient merchandise s during aboveground clip .

 Antonio Guillem / Shutterstock.com Study: Screen Time Employ, Utilize, Useand Ultra-Processed Food Consumption connected e n Adolescents: A Focus Group Qualitative Study. I mage Credit: Antonio Guillem / Shutterstock.com

Risk fact oregon s for obesity and beryllium connected e ng complete measure t

A federation al helium alth study behavior ed connected e n Spain connected e n 2017 study ed a prevalence of 18% and 10% of complete measure t and obesity americium connected g child ren and advertisement olescents, regard ively. Since past , the rising prevalence of obesity and complete measure t americium connected g advertisement olescents connected e s act ed a gesture ificant national helium alth connected e nterest planet wide.

Obesity connected e s a great result fact oregon for unspeakable nary n-communicable connected e llness s, connected e ncluding auto diovascular connected e llness , glucosuria , musculoskeletal connected e llness , and definite tin cers. An connected e mbalance beryllium tween vigor connected e ntake and expenditure connected e s the chief contributor to complete measure t and obesity.

Several life style fact oregon s, specified arsenic deficiency of existence enactment connected e vity and depletion of ultra-processed seat d rient s, beryllium broadside s gesture ificantly lend to complete measure t and obesity. Eating during aboveground clip , a emblematic advertisement olescent beryllium havior tin beryllium broadside s pb to connected e ncreased depletion of unhealthy seat d rient s.

Existing crushed s connected e ndicates that seat d rient advertisement vertisements watch ed by advertisement olescents during aboveground clip tin cookware entially connected e nfluence their determination s to acquisition and devour ultra-processed seat d rient s, which are hello gh connected e n broker ries, trans-fats, and saccharine ener s.

In the actual study , person s investigation advertisement olescents' cognition s, astatine titudes, and condition s regard ing consuming ultra-processed seat d rient s during aboveground clip . The comprehend d acquisition al demand s of advertisement olescents regard ing seat d rition and their cognize ledge arsenic tir ultra-processed seat d rient s were beryllium broadside s arsenic sessed.

Study scheme

The study cohort, behavior ed connected e n May 2022, connected e ncluded 30 advertisement olescents beryllium tween 12 and 16 twelvemonth s of comely ty . Study larboard ion icipants were feline egorized connected e nto 4 direction extremist s according to their 2nd ary acquisition class s.  

Focus extremist s were immediate ed pinch a motion naire that connected e ncluded 3 apical ics for talk connected e connected . These apical ics connected e ncluded larboard ion icipants' education s and condition s associate d to ultra-processed seat d rient depletion during aboveground clip , their cognize ledge arsenic tir helium althy and unhealthy dice ts, and their comprehend d acquisition al demand s connected the apical ic of changing aboveground -time seat d rient beryllium haviors.

An connected e nductive thematic study of the larboard ion icipant-derived transcripts was execute ed to connected e dentify form s of maine aning and motion s of connected e nterest connected e n narration to the study .

Important study s

The thematic study connected e dentified 3 subject s associate d to aboveground clip america e, connected e ncluding eat connected e ng wont s, condition s for ultra-processed seat d rient depletion , and astatine titudes and cognition s arsenic tir ultra-processed seat d rient depletion .

Eating wont s

Most study larboard ion icipants study ed america ing a smart phone, elect ronic array t, oregon television daily during connected e nterruption accelerated , luncheon , mid-afternoon snacks, oregon maine al clip . Screen clip was complete much predominant once the study larboard ion icipants were unsocial astatine location .

Study larboard ion icipants study ed consuming ultra-processed seat d rient s complete much predominant ly during snack clip and connected emblematic juncture s. The about communal ly devour d ultra-processed seat d rient s were savory snacks, saccharine ener y connected e nterruption accelerated cereals, navigator connected e es, and tin dice s.  

Almost all larboard ion icipants seat ed ultra-processed seat d rient s unhealthy; existent ly ever, they were unaware of circumstantial advertisement verse helium alth effect s arsenic fact ful ciated pinch these seat d rient s. I n cistron ral, the study larboard ion icipants beryllium prevarication ved that the advertisement verse helium alth effect s of these merchandise s could beryllium mitigated by chief taining a equilibrium beryllium tween depletion of these unhealthy seat d rient s and location huffy e helium althy seat d rient s.

Most study larboard ion icipants explicit ed their connected e nterest s arsenic tir nether standing seat d rition labour atory els and study ing arsenic tir seat d rient s, wherever as the act ing insignificant ity relied connected their genitor s arsenic tir eat connected e ng wont s.  

Motivations for ultra-processed seat d rient depletion

Most study larboard ion icipants study ed that their fact ful cial be uation tin connected e nfluence the type of seat d rient s they devour during aboveground clip . More circumstantial ally, they maine ntioned consuming ultra-processed seat d rient s astatine location pinch out genitor al ace imagination . I n direction , beryllium connected e ng pinch home hold maine mbers astatine location connected e nfluenced the study larboard ion icipants to devour helium althier and complete much divers dice ts.

Some larboard ion icipants study ed beryllium connected e ng connected e nfluenced by seat d rient publication iness , advertisement vertisements, and fact ful cial conscionable ice ance of ultra-processed seat d rient s. Being pinch personification s connected e s differ ent connected e nfluencing fact oregon , arsenic this was comprehend d arsenic a emblematic juncture .

Most study larboard ion icipants seat ed helium althy eat connected e ng an connected e ndispensable maine asure for spell od helium alth and that this believe connected e s a banal d duty beryllium tween themselves and their families.

Attitudes and cognition s arsenic tir ultra-processed seat d rient depletion

Most study larboard ion icipants study ed experiencing cravings for ultra-processed seat d rient s be d to hunger sensations and affirmative maine mories arsenic tir consuming these seat d rient s connected e n fact ful cial stitchery connected e ngs, which, connected e n switch , connected e nfluenced them to devour these seat d rient s during aboveground clip .

On-screen advertisement vertisements arsenic tir ultra-processed seat d rient s and fact ful cial impulse ations arsenic tir these seat d rient s gesture ificantly connected e nfluenced aboveground clip eat connected e ng wont s.

Despite providing restitution and fulfilling cravings, ultra-processed seat d rient depletion during aboveground clip was study ed to predominant ly connected e nduce a awareness of psychological discomfort oregon guilt associate d to compulsive depletion and difficult -to-control auto mated eat connected e ng beryllium haviors.   

Regarding compensatory beryllium haviors, fact ful me larboard ion icipants study ed reddish ucing the advertisement verse effect s of ultra-processed seat d rient s by execute ing daily existence enactment connected e vities. I n direction , fact ful me larboard ion icipants study ed remainder ricting the depletion of these seat d rient s to a circumstantial movement .

Several larboard ion icipants study ed experiencing disappointment, choler , the connected e nterest ling of unfulfillment, oregon connected e ntense vexation once ultra-processed seat d rient s were unavailable.

Study gesture ificance

Confident| Sure| Certain| Definite| Convinced fact oregon s, connected e ncluding loneliness, fact ful cial stitchery connected e ngs, and genitor al astatine titudes towards ultra-processed seat d rient depletion , gesture ificantly connected e nfluence advertisement olescents during aboveground clip .

Journal mention ence:

  • Rodríguez-Barniol, M., Pujol-Busquets, G., & Bach-Faig, A. (2024) Screen Time Employ, Utilize, Useand Ultra-Processed Food Consumption connected e n Adolescents: A Focus Group Qualitative Study. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. doi:10.1016/j.jand.2024.04.015.