Less obesity in 3- and 4-year-olds after the pandemic, Swedish study finds

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The prevalence of overweight and obesity successful nan group of 3- and 4-year-olds successful Sweden has decreased aft nan pandemic. The summation during nan pandemic frankincense appears to person been temporary. These are nan findings of a study conducted astatine nan University of Gothenburg and Uppsala University.

The study, published successful nan diary JAMA Pediatrics, is based connected information connected 50,833 children aged 3-5 years. Healthcare information astir nan children are originated from regular check-ups astatine pediatric healthcare centers, BVC. Participating regions were Dalarna, Jönköping County and Sörmland.

The researchers person antecedently been capable to show accrued overweight and obesity during nan pandemic among 3- and 4-year-olds successful Sweden. According to nan existent study, today's 3- and 4-year-olds are astatine astir nan aforesaid levels arsenic 3- and 4-year-olds earlier nan pandemic. The group of 5-year-olds has not had akin weight changes.

The studied clip periods are earlier nan COVID-19 pandemic (up to and including April 2020), early pandemic (May 2020-May 2021), precocious pandemic (June 2021-March 2022) and post-pandemic (from April 2022).

Increasing and decreasing BMI

In nan group of 3-year-olds, nan proportionality pinch obesity accrued from 2.4 percent earlier nan pandemic to 3.4 percent during nan early pandemic, and past decreased to 2.3 percent during nan precocious pandemic. After nan pandemic, nan proportionality of 3-year-olds pinch obesity was 2.6 percent.

The improvement of overweight successful 3-year-olds follows nan aforesaid pattern. The proportionality of overweight children went from 11.6 to 13.2 percent, followed by a diminution to 11.3 during nan precocious pandemic. After nan pandemic, nan proportionality of overweight 3-year-olds was 11.9 percent.

In nan group of 4-year-olds, BMI (body wide index) besides changed significantly. The obesity complaint accrued from 2.6 percent earlier nan pandemic to 3.7 percent during nan early pandemic, past declined to 3.1 percent during nan precocious pandemic and to 2.5 percent aft nan pandemic.

The proportionality of overweight successful nan group of 4-year-olds roseate from 10.3 percent earlier nan pandemic to 11.7 percent during nan early pandemic, and past decreased to 9.9 percent during nan precocious pandemic and aft nan pandemic.

Unhealthy weight tin regress

Globally, weight summation successful young children during nan pandemic has been explained by changes successful dietary habits and reduced beingness activity arsenic a consequence of societal restrictions and closed preschools. In Sweden, preschools were up and running, but nan weight inclination remained nan aforesaid arsenic successful different countries, which, according to nan researchers, whitethorn beryllium owed to nan truth that galore children missed retired connected nutritious nutrient and regular outdoor activity.

The truth that nan weight inclination has now been surgery is besides of awesome value successful nan agelong term. Childhood obesity increases nan likelihood of continued obesity successful adulthood, pinch an accrued consequence of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and little value of life.

Responsible for nan study are Anton Holmgren, Pediatrician astatine Halland Hospital, who conducts investigation successful pediatrics astatine Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, and Anna Fäldt, Researcher astatine Uppsala University wrong pediatric wellness and parenthood.

"The truth that nan proportionality of overweight and obese 3- and 4-year-olds has decreased indicates that nan weight gains were related to nan pandemic, and that an unhealthy weight position tin beryllium reversed. This besides applies astatine nan individual level, a important proportionality of nan children wherever we had repeated measurements dropped to a little BMI people aft nan pandemic," says Anton Holmgren.