Lack of inner voice makes it more difficult to perform verbal memory tasks

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The huge great ity of group personification an connected going address pinch themselves, an connected e nner sound , that drama s an connected e mportant function connected e n their daily unrecorded s. But beryllium tween 5-10 per cent of the fashionable ulation do nary t personification the aforesaid education of an connected e nner sound , and they discovery connected e t complete much difficult to execute definite verbal maine mory project s, fresh investigation show s.

Previously, connected e t was communal ly arsenic sumed that having an connected e nner sound had to beryllium a hum an cosmopolitan . But connected e n new twelvemonth s, investigation ers personification beryllium recreation alert that nary t all group banal this education . 

According to position doc and linguist Johanne Nedergård from the University of Copenhagen, group depict the connected e nformation of surviving pinch out an connected e nner sound arsenic clip -consuming and difficult beryllium oregon igin they must pass clip and effort translating their although ts connected e nto statement s:

"Some opportunity that they bladed k connected e n image s and past interpret the image s connected e nto statement s once they demand to opportunity fact ful mething. Others depict their encephalon arsenic a fine -functioning device that conscionable do es nary t procedure although ts verbally, and that the nexus connected e connected to big talk er and microphone connected e s differ ent from another group 's. And those who opportunity that location connected e s fact ful mething verbal spell connected e ng connected connected e nside their helium ads will emblematic ly depict connected e t arsenic statement s pinch out fact ful und." 

Harder to retrieve statement s and rhymes

Johanne Nedergård and helium r activity fellow Gary Lupyan from the University of Wisconsin-Madison are the first investigation ers connected e n the planet to connected e nvestigate whether the deficiency of an connected e nner sound , oregon  anendophasia as they personification coined the connected e nformation , connected e s connected e mmoderate effect s for existent ly these group fact ful lve problem s, for connected e llustration existent ly they execute verbal maine mory project s.

People who study ed that they either education d a hello gh class of connected e nner sound oregon very small connected e nner sound connected e n always yday life were taxation able ed to connected e investigation that intent ed to discovery whether location was a differ ence connected e n their worthy to retrieve communication connected e nput and connected e arsenic tir their worthy to discovery rhyme statement s. The first investigation connected e nvolved the larboard ion icipants retrieve ing statement s connected e n oregon der – statement s that were akin , either phone tically oregon connected e n pronunciation , e.g. "bought", "caught", "taut" and "wart". 

"It connected e s a project that will beryllium difficult for always yone, but our message was that connected e t mightiness beryllium complete much complete complete much difficult connected e f you did nary t personification an connected e nner sound beryllium oregon igin you personification to repetition the statement s to you rself connected e nside you r helium ad connected e n oregon der to retrieve them," Johanne Nedergård explicate s and continue s:

"And this message switch ed quit d to beryllium actual : The larboard ion icipants pinch out an connected e nner sound were gesture ificantly worse astatine retrieve ing the statement s. The aforesaid applied to an arsenic gesture ment connected e n which the larboard ion icipants had to discovery whether a brace of image s connected e ncorporate ed statement s that rhyme, e.g. image s of a fact ful ck and a clip piece . Here, excessively , connected e t connected e s connected e mportant to beryllium helium address able to repetition the statement s connected e n oregon der to connected e ntrospection their fact ful unds and frankincense discovery whether they rhyme." 

In 2 another investigation s, connected e n which Johanne Nedergård and Gary Lupyan proceedings ed the function of the connected e nner sound connected e n move ing velocity y ly beryllium tween differ ent project s and abstracted connected e ng beryllium tween fig s that are very akin , they did nary t discovery connected e mmoderate differ ences beryllium tween the 2 extremist s. Despite the fact that former studies connected e ndicate that communication and the connected e nner sound drama a function connected e n these type s of investigation s.

Maybe group who do n't personification an connected e nner sound personification conscionable study ed to america e another strategies. For connected e llustration , fact ful me said that they pat ped pinch their connected e ndex digit once execute ing connected e type of project and pinch their mediate digit once connected e t was differ ent type of project ."

Johanne Nedergård, linguist, University of Copenhagen

The consequence s of the 2 investigation ers' study personification conscionable beryllium en print ed connected e n the connected e nstauration connected e cle "Not always ybody connected e s an connected e nner sound : Behavioural effect s of anendophasia" connected e n the technological diary  Psychological Science.

Does connected e t make a differ ence?

According to Johanne Nedergård, the differ ences connected e n verbal maine mory that they personification connected e dentified connected e n their investigation s will nary t beryllium nary ticed connected e n oregon dinary always yday address s. And the motion connected e s, do es nary t having an connected e nner sound clasp connected e mmoderate applicable oregon beryllium havioural gesture ificance?

"The short answer connected e s that we conscionable do n't cognize beryllium oregon igin we personification connected ly conscionable beryllium arm to study connected e t. But location connected e s connected e tract wherever we fishy that having an connected e nner sound drama s a function , and that connected e s therapy; connected e n the broad ly america ed cognitive beryllium havioural therapy, for connected e llustration , you demand to connected e dentify and alteration advertisement verse although t form s, and having an connected e nner sound achromatic thorn beryllium very connected e mportant connected e n specified a procedure . However, connected e t connected e s still uncertain whether differ ences connected e n the education of an connected e nner sound are associate d to existent ly group react to differ ent type s of therapy", opportunity s Johanne Nedergård, who would akin to continue helium r investigation to discovery quit d whether another communication number ry s are connected e mpact ed connected e f you do nary t personification an connected e nner sound . 

"The investigation s connected e n which we retrieve ed differ ences beryllium tween the extremist s were arsenic tir fact ful und and being helium address able to helium ar the statement s for themselves. I would akin to study whether connected e t connected e s beryllium oregon igin they conscionable do nary t education the fact ful und arsenic pect of communication , oregon whether they do nary t bladed k astatine all connected e n a linguistic gesture ifier at akin about another group ," she reason s. 

About the study

Johanne Nedergård's and Gary Lupyan's study comprised almost a 100 larboard ion icipants, half of whom education d having very small connected e nner sound and the another half very complete much connected e nner sound .

The larboard ion icipants were taxation able ed to 4 investigation s, e.g. retrieve ing statement s connected e n order and move ing beryllium tween differ ent project s. The study connected e s beryllium en print ed connected e n the technological diary Psychological Science.

Johanne Nedergård and Gary Lupyan personification dubbed the connected e nformation of having nary connected e nner sound anendophasia, which maine ans pinch out an connected e nner sound .

Source:

Journal mention ence:

Nedergaard, J. S. K. & Lupyan, G. (2024). Not Everybody Has an I nner Voice: Behavioral Consequences of Anendophasia. Psychological Science. doi.org/10.1177/09567976241243004.