Exercise reduces long-term COVID symptoms in young women

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In a caller study published successful nan diary Scientific Reports, researchers investigated nan effects of beingness activity (PA) connected coronavirus illness 2019 (COVID-19) symptoms among young females.

The protective domiciled of PA against respective respiratory infections is good established. Regular PA augments immune usability and reduces nan consequence of acute respiratory infections. Conversely, a sedentary manner is linked to an accrued consequence of terrible acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and COVID-19 severity.

Further, one-third of SARS-CoV-2-infected individuals study semipermanent symptoms that persist for complete 4 weeks post-infection. Common symptoms of this post-COVID-19 information (PCC) see shortness of breath, fatigue, thorax pain, changes successful taste/smell, cognitive dysfunction, depression, anxiety, and headache. Studies person reported inverse associations betwixt (greater adherence to) a patient manner and PCC risk.

Several consequence factors for terrible COVID-19 person been identified, specified arsenic sex, precocious age, and comorbidities, which are besides related to beingness inactivity. PA levels mostly disagree betwixt females and males; females successful astir countries are little physically progressive than males. While males person higher COVID-19 morbidity and mortality, females show an accrued PCC prevalence.

 lzf / ShutterstockStudy: Higher level of beingness activity reduces intelligence and neurological symptoms during and 2 years aft COVID-19 infection successful young women. Image Credit: lzf / Shutterstock

The study and findings

In nan coming study, researchers evaluated whether regular PA alleviates COVID-19 and PCC symptoms among young females. Data connected SARS-CoV-2 infection and symptoms were collected utilizing nan World Health Organization (WHO) post-COVID lawsuit study shape betwixt July 20, 2022, and October 5, 2023.

Besides, functioning was measured connected a five-point standard and was compared to a pre-COVID-19 script connected a three-point scale. The world PA questionnaire short shape was utilized to measurement PA levels. A one-way study of variance (ANOVA) examined group differences. Pearson’s relationship coefficients were computed.

Overall, nan study included 802 females aged 18–34. Of these, 442 contracted SARS-CoV-2, and 370 had a laboratory-confirmed infection. Most cases were mild. Over 92% of participants were vaccinated; 373 individuals received 3 doses, and 336 received two. Further, 167 individuals were reinfected, mostly post-vaccination.

26.3% of participants reported persistent aliases intermittent symptoms. Approximately 43% of subjects reported debased PA, 34.8% had mean PA, and 22.3% had precocious PA. The squad recovered a important relation betwixt COVID-19 prevalence and PA categories. A higher infection complaint was observed successful nan mean PA group compared to different groups. COVID-19 severity was mild successful astir cases, irrespective of PA levels.

Nevertheless, 2 cases pinch terrible unwellness had a debased PA. The precocious PA group showed a higher complaint of mean illness than different groups. There was nary statistically important relation betwixt PA and reinfection aliases PCC. However, nan complaint of reinfection declined pinch expanding levels of PA. An mean of 14 symptoms were reported during acute COVID-19.

Symptoms reduced pinch expanding PA levels. The precocious PA group had nan lowest symptoms, whereas nan debased PA group had nan highest. Most symptoms were general, neurological, and mental, sloppy of PA levels, and symptoms of these categories were much predominant successful subjects pinch mean aliases debased PA. The astir communal symptoms of acute COVID-19 were fatigue, anxiety, dysmenorrhea, dizziness, forgetfulness, nonaccomplishment of interest, and depressed mood.

Further, astir 12 symptoms were reported, connected average, successful PCC. Likewise, symptoms are reduced successful individuals pinch precocious PA. Similarly, nan astir communal PCC symptoms included fatigue, forgetfulness, lightheadedness, anxiety, palpitations, nonaccomplishment of interest, and difficulties successful concentrating. Forgetfulness, lightheadedness, and slump were much predominant successful those pinch debased aliases mean PA.

Cardiovascular symptoms (chest pain, palpitations, and post-exertional malaise), dysmenorrhea, anxiety, and nonaccomplishment of liking were much predominant successful individuals pinch mean PA. The full functioning people ranged betwixt 0 and 72.5 among individuals who contracted SARS-CoV-2, implying mild aliases nary difficulties successful functioning. Only 5 individuals had mean difficulties and aggravated position successful functioning.

Conclusions

Taken together, nan study explored whether regular PA decreases symptoms during and aft COVID-19 successful young females. PCC was common, pinch astir a 4th reporting persistent aliases intermittent intelligence and neurological symptoms 2 years post-infection. Symptoms declined pinch PA levels successful acute COVID-19 and PCC. Besides, nan reinfection complaint decreased pinch higher levels of PA.

Journal reference:

  • Takács J, Deák D, Koller A. Higher level of beingness activity reduces intelligence and neurological symptoms during and 2 years aft COVID-19 infection successful young women. Sci Rep, 2024, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-024-57646-2, https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-024-57646-2