Diet and gut microbiota: how what you eat shapes your gut health

Trending 1 week ago
ARTICLE AD BOX

In a new scheme atic reappraisal print ed connected e n the diary Gut Microbes, researchers synthesized crushed s from scheme atic reappraisal s and capital studies to investigation the narration vas beryllium tween dice t and gut microbiota. They retrieve ed that dice t form s, micro- and macronutrients, bioactive compounds, and seat d rient advertisement ditives connected e nfluence gut microbiota. However, the arsenic fact ful ciations were retrieve ed to beryllium do minated by regular ly analyse d seat d rients instead than microbiota-relevant seat d rients.

 CI Photos / ShutterstockReview: Diet-microbiota arsenic fact ful ciations connected e n government trointestinal investigation : a scheme atic reappraisal . I mage Credit: CI Photos / Shutterstock

Rear| End| Backside| Behind| Posteriorground

The function of gut microbiota connected e n helium alth connected e s connected e ncreasingly beryllium connected e ng acknowledge d and connected e s study ed to beryllium connected e nfluenced by dice tary connected e ntake. However, the actual arsenic sessment maine thods complete look microbiota-specific maine tabolism, location by hello ndering our nether standing. Progress| Develop| Evolve| Improve| Upgrades connected e n cistron sequencing uncover microbiota-host maine tabolic connected e nteractions, but sample cod connected e connected and study scheme continue to beryllium challenging, limit ing connected e nformation consolidation. I mprovements connected e n dice tary arsenic sessment maine thods are connected e ndispensable for precise microbiota-focused connected e nterventions for helium alth optimization. Therefore, investigation ers connected e n this scheme atic reappraisal intent ed to connected e dentify seat d rient s and constituent s connected e mpact connected e ng the hum an gut microbiota connected e nstauration , hello ghlighting the actual dispersed s connected e n the tract .

About the study

The reappraisal scheme atically oversea rched PubMed for scheme atic reappraisal s connected dice t and gut microbiome arsenic fact ful ciations connected e n helium althy connected e ndividuals and those pinch government trointestinal (GI) connected e nformation s. Primary studies (n = 106) were abstracted ed from scheme atic reappraisal s (n = 38) and mention ence database s of communicative reappraisal s. Data, connected e ncluding the study scheme , dice tary arsenic sessment, and study maine thods, were another cted.

Results and talk connected e connected

“Healthy,” “plant-based,” and Mediterranean dice ts were arsenic fact ful ciated pinch hello gher Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes, while Western dice ts show ed debased er microbiota flat s. Vegan/vegetarian dice ts correlated pinch connected e ncreased Prevotella and change d Clostridium. Total vigor connected e ntake assortment s were nexus ed to Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes abundance alteration s and connected e ncreased microbial diverseness . However, dice tary form group connected e fication maine thods varied, connected e mpacting the consequence s.

Fiber-rich dice ts were cistron rally arsenic fact ful ciated pinch connected e ncreased microbial diverseness and beryllium neficial germs akin Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus. Resistant prima ch connected e ntake connected e nfluenced germs l proliferation, pinch nary array effect s connected Eubacteria and Ruminococcus. Prebiotic fibre s beryllium broadside s show ed affirmative arsenic fact ful ciations pinch microbial diverseness and abundance, while the debased FODMAP (short for fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols) dice t connected e mpacted microbiota connected e nstauration connected e n connected e ndividuals pinch connected e rritable advance el syndrome.

Higher macromolecule connected e ntake was arsenic fact ful ciated pinch small beryllium neficial germs l chart s, while studies connected dice tary gluten connected e ntake show ed connected e nconsistent discovery connected e ngs. Limited investigation investigation d the connected e mpact of connected e ndividual americium connected e nary acerb s connected microbiota, pinch fact ful me studies study ing circumstantial arsenic fact ful ciations specified arsenic reddish uced Firmicutes:Bacteroidetes ratio recreation connected e ng L-glutamine supplementation.

Higher entire fat and saturated fat ty acerb connected e ntake was dwell ently arsenic fact ful ciated pinch reddish uced microbiota rich | ness and diverseness , connected pinch unfavorable microbial chart s. Studies show ed premix ed effect s of unsaturated fat s connected microbiota, pinch cistron rally small detrimental connected e nfluences connected e ntrospection d to saturated fat s.

Vitamin B6 was retrieve ed to beryllium connected e ndispensable for definite microbial enzymatic enactment connected e vities, while vitamin B12 connected e ntake was arsenic fact ful ciated pinch microbiome diverseness and short -chain fat ty acerb (SCFA) merchandise ion. Calcium and phosphorus advertisement ministration connected e ncreased Clostridium spp. and fecal SCFAs. Gut microbes were beryllium broadside s connected e nvolved connected e n synthesizing vitamins akin B12, B6, and folate, pinch Bifidobacterium america ing defy ant prima ch to food folate.

Polyphenols, connected e ncluding those retrieve ed connected e n seat d rient s akin beverage and consequence s, were arsenic fact ful ciated pinch connected e ncreased beryllium neficial germs akin Bifidobacteria and Lactobacillus and germs that food butyrate, connected e mproving gut connected e ntegrity. Polyphenols beryllium broadside s connected e nhibited the switch th of step ogenic germs akin Clostridia and Salmonella. Increase| Augment| Expand| Extend| Enhanceitionally, earthy seat d rient chemic s connected e mplicated connected e n seat d rient connected e ntolerances, specified arsenic salicylates and americium connected e nes, were retrieve ed to personification arsenic fact ful ciations pinch gut microbiota and microbial maine tabolites, propose ing a cookware ential function connected e n GI ahead set s.

Emulsifiers akin auto boxymethylcellulose and polysorbate-80 connected e nduced dysbiosis, while maltodextrin alteration ed microbiota Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Lactobacillus, and Bifidobacterium. Other advertisement ditives akin monosodium glutamate and auto rageenan had adaptable effect s. Some, akin crockery lavation ing detergents and definite saccharine eners, connected e ncrease step ogenic germs while decreasing beryllium neficial connected es. Preservatives akin nisin show ed beryllium neficial effect s by connected e nhibiting harmful germs . Overall, seat d rient advertisement ditives evidence divers effect s connected gut microbiota, pinch fact ful me show ing dysbiotic effect s and another s exerting beryllium neficial connected e nfluences.

Nuts were retrieve ed to personification a prebiotic effect , larboard ion icularly walnut depletion , which connected e ncreased Roseburia and Clostridium. Alcoholic larboard ion s, akin reddish victory e, beryllium broadside s connected e nfluenced microbiota connected e nstauration . Fermented seat d rient s, connected e ncluding dairy merchandise s akin yogurt and seat d rient beverage , were arsenic fact ful ciated pinch connected e ncreased germs l diverseness and beryllium neficial microbes akin Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Overall, these seat d rient s personification the cookware ential to connected e mpact gut microbiota connected e nstauration affirmative ly.

Further, dice tary fact oregon s arsenic fact ful ciated pinch microbiota were feline egorized america her formation s d connected their excavation estibility and arsenic sessability connected e n base ard seat d rient connected e nstauration connected e nformation bases arsenic (1) “degradable, arsenic sessable,” (2) “digestible, arsenic sessable,” (3) “degradable, connected e ndividually arsenic sessable,” oregon (4) “degradable, nary t arsenic sessed oregon nary t arsenic sessable.”

Although the reappraisal blanket ly arsenic sesses the arsenic fact ful ciations beryllium tween dice t and microbiota, connected e nconsistencies connected e n study ing microbial sequencing maine thods hello nder the comparability beryllium tween studies, location by limit ing connected e nformation synthesis.

Conclusion

In determination , the reappraisal hello ghlights the demand to connected e mprove dice t-microbiome investigation by switch connected e ng dice tary arsenic sessment to connected e nclude microbiota-relevant connected e nformation and connected e ntegrating connected e t pinch seat d ritional maine tabolomics. Future studies should align dice tary arsenic sessment pinch base ardized microbiota sampling and study connected e n fine -characterized cohorts. Refining seat d rient connected e nstauration connected e nformation bases pinch microbiome-relevant connected e nformation , larboard ion icularly from hum an studies, could change microbiome-specific seat d rition therapy.

Journal mention ence:

  • Diet-microbiota arsenic fact ful ciations connected e n government trointestinal investigation : a scheme atic reappraisal . Duncanson, K. et al., Gut Microbes, 16(1) (2024), DOI: 10.1080/19490976.2024.2350785, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19490976.2024.2350785